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Nain Persian Rug is a famous Persian rug. It has many fans around the world.
Some of the features of Nain Persian rug is ;
Design and motif and figures:
Nain’s rug design with its varied motifs and designs and pleasing colors embodies a world of meaning, mystery and myths.
The variety of motifs and themes is due to the interest of designers and craftsmen such as the late Fathullah Habibian, who play a caring and loving role in the field of carpet art.
Book of Iranian and world carpets and thinkers and artists points to designing carpets of this region to flower and plant especially Shah Abbasi flowers, design of natural foliage, Slimi, Frame, inscription, Safa, are very attentive.
Textured, knitting, weaving and twisting carpets in the Nain carpet are similar to the Persian weaving technique.
In this way the looms remain overhead. Naein carpet is woven with two threads, that is, thick and thin, and in a Loolbaft weaving style.
Other instruments such as scissors, combs, skewers are same as other important centers of Iranian carpet weaving.
In Nain, the elegance of carpet weave is distinguished by the elegance of the carpet yarn. The terms four, six, nine, and eleven layers represent the number of twisted threads of cotton. For example, carpets woven up to four layers are more delicate than other carpets and can be woven up to 645 knots per square inch.
Piles are weaved at the end of the fabric and at the end of each of two to three rows to give the carpet a greater design view for the weaver.
Cotton, wool and silk are important raw materials for carpet weaving.
With the exception of some wool and silk made locally, most of raw materials are imported from important centers and markets in various cities such as Isfahan and Kashan.
Nain carpets are usually made of cotton yarn and wool and silk.
Color, Dyeing and Painting (Color Layout):
One of the important causes of the popularity of Nain rugs is the selection of beautiful, interesting and harmonious colors in the design that complement the design and artistic texture of these fabrics.
The color on the Nain carpet is always bright and pleasant. In the past carpet yarn was dyed with herbal materials, but nowadays industrial materials are also used.
The herbal colors are made from rhubarb, walnut skin, hair leaves, pomegranate peel, aspic, and indigo.
Most dye makers live in the town of Nain, and villagers go to the city for dyeing or buy dyed yarn. The color of hand-woven carpets is different from other carpets.
for example, the color of carpets is an important factor in recognizing their texture. Nain dye makers have been obsessive in their work for many years, and this has made the area’s carpet popular.
The dominant color in the Nain carpet is brown, yellow, light brown, chocolate colored, ivory, green, blue, and red. which come together in special harmony and make the carpet beautiful.
The carpet of this area in terms of design and texture is not much different from other carpets, but just the layout of colors together in these carpets makes it different from other parts of Iran.
The color of the Nain carpet is not very varied, but the strength of the area’s designers and painters and the artistry of the carpet masters in pay attention to the scientific artistic principles of the combination of these colors make the Nain carpet superior.
In brief, the choice of friendly colors, the use of advanced technology, the use of herbal colors as well as the combination of colors in carpets are important factors.
The carpet size of Nain is very varied and are weaved from different sizes (even 1000 meters) in this area.
Nain Carpet History and Geography: For nearly a century, the carpet weaving industry has been booming in Nain, but carpet weaving has a long history.
The camel’s wool has been common in the city for a long time, with local weavers making the garment very delicate. Researchers see the carpet texture of the area as a legacy of the artist’s past. It is said that Nain weavers initially followed the design, motifs and coloring and texture of Bakhtiari and Yazd and Isfahan carpets but later became independent. And soon the carpets of this area became superior to other carpets.